Going beyond flashcards – personalized learning (Quizlet單字清單-個人化學習)

在學習詞彙時, 人們會對經常遇到的生詞有較深刻的印象,從而更容易地領略到它們的意思。不過,對在語言學院學習或自修外語的學生來說,因為沒有合適的語言環境,必須融合以學習詞彙為中心的學習方法來提高詞彙學習水平。

語言學習者(學生)會利用Quizlet熟念生詞。他們通常會把要背的單詞放在一列,詞義放在另一列, 加以練習。不過對高階學習者來說,學習語言的挑戰不僅僅是提高詞彙量,還必須能夠把詞彙應用在生活中。

當我使用日語溝通時, 我發現難以流暢地交流的主要原因是因為不熟悉詞彙的用法。根據研究指出,一種可以幫助學習詞彙的好方法是列出可應用在不同情境中的例句。所以背單詞時應把例句放在旁邊。

以下是我幫三年級老師設立的詞彙清單 (還可發聲的!):

quizlet

這一個是我個人用來學習的 :

英語中所謂的“句子挖掘” 是指通過收集,保存和回顧句子的方式來學習語言。 相對於純碎地背單詞,這是一個更有代表性的學習方法。學生可以從電視劇或雜誌中收集句子並儲存在 Quizlet裏。

此外,Google其實是一個很好的工具,可以用來查找單字地常見搭配“搭配詞” (collocation). 在學習第二語言時,常見搭配的重要性是不可忽略地。它可以讓學生說話更加流利自然,使他們想表達的內容更容易理解。

下面這篇博客文介紹了如何使用谷歌搜索詞彙的常見搭配:

語言學習者應該利用Google這個“世界上最大的語言資料庫”來搜索並記錄常用語,常用搭配和常用例句 。我相信用Quizlet來收集地道的用法會讓你的學習過程變得更有意義。

When learning vocabulary, the more one encounters with words in the language input, the more likely the meaning of the word would be acquired.  However, this is difficult to achieve if you are studying at a language institution or learning on your own where you are isolated from the targeted language environment.  With limited exposure to authentic language input, explicit vocabulary-focused instruction could be incorporated to maximize vocabulary learning.

Though many language learners are familiar with Quizlet, most use it strictly for understanding vocabulary. Typically, they put a word on one column and the definition on the other. They would then use Quizlet to memorize and practice the target vocabulary.

However for advanced language learners, the challenge isn’t solely to strengthen vocabulary, but also to be equipped to apply them in meaningful context.

As a learner of advanced Japanese, and having gone beyond the beginner/intermediate levels, I find that focusing on key vocabulary and not being well versed in the variety of its uses has been holding me back from going deeper and furthering my conversations.

According to some research, one method for promoting vocabulary learning is to present each word in a variety of situational and contextual format.  Instead of using pairing vocabulary with definition on Quizlet, sample sentences should be used for more effective learning.

For instance, I below is a list of vocabulary and its usage I prepared for my school’s Grade 3 team on a Chinese lesson.  If you play this on your mobile device, the words will be automatically read out:

“Sentence mining” is a non-academic term for studying a language by collecting, saving, and reviewing sentences. This is in contrast to a more typical approach of memorizing words individually. Learners could create flashcards using the sentence mining techniques where they extract sentences from TV dramas or magazines and accumulate them on Quizlet。

In addition, Google is a great resource and can be used to find word collocations (words that commonly come together). The importance of collocation knowledge in second language competence is evident. Stylistically, it enables the learners to speak more fluently, makes their speech more understandable and helps them to write or sound more native (as cited in Ahranjani & Shadi 2012)

This blog provides a great overview of how one could use Google to search for collocation

http://esl.about.com/od/technology/a/Use-Google-To-Learn-Words-That-Go-Together.htm

Language learners should make use of this “world’s largest corpus” to search and record phrases, collocations and sentences.  I believe a personal collection of such authentic application of language use would make one’s Quizlet experience more meaningful, as well as the learning language experience more practical.

Source:

Ahranjani, A., & Shadi, M. (2012). INPUT ENHANCEMENT AND EFL LEARNERS’ COLLOCATION ACQUISITION. International Journal Of Academic Research4(1), 96-101.

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