英語中所謂的“句子挖掘” 是指通過收集，保存和回顧句子的方式來學習語言。 相對於純碎地背單詞，這是一個更有代表性的學習方法。學生可以從電視劇或雜誌中收集句子並儲存在 Quizlet裏。
此外，Google其實是一個很好的工具，可以用來查找單字地常見搭配“搭配詞” （collocation). 在學習第二語言時，常見搭配的重要性是不可忽略地。它可以讓學生說話更加流利自然，使他們想表達的內容更容易理解。
When learning vocabulary, the more one encounters with words in the language input, the more likely the meaning of the word would be acquired. However, this is difficult to achieve if you are studying at a language institution or learning on your own where you are isolated from the targeted language environment. With limited exposure to authentic language input, explicit vocabulary-focused instruction could be incorporated to maximize vocabulary learning.
Though many language learners are familiar with Quizlet, most use it strictly for understanding vocabulary. Typically, they put a word on one column and the definition on the other. They would then use Quizlet to memorize and practice the target vocabulary.
However for advanced language learners, the challenge isn’t solely to strengthen vocabulary, but also to be equipped to apply them in meaningful context.
As a learner of advanced Japanese, and having gone beyond the beginner/intermediate levels, I find that focusing on key vocabulary and not being well versed in the variety of its uses has been holding me back from going deeper and furthering my conversations.
According to some research, one method for promoting vocabulary learning is to present each word in a variety of situational and contextual format. Instead of using pairing vocabulary with definition on Quizlet, sample sentences should be used for more effective learning.
For instance, I below is a list of vocabulary and its usage I prepared for my school’s Grade 3 team on a Chinese lesson. If you play this on your mobile device, the words will be automatically read out:
“Sentence mining” is a non-academic term for studying a language by collecting, saving, and reviewing sentences. This is in contrast to a more typical approach of memorizing words individually. Learners could create flashcards using the sentence mining techniques where they extract sentences from TV dramas or magazines and accumulate them on Quizlet。
In addition, Google is a great resource and can be used to find word collocations (words that commonly come together). The importance of collocation knowledge in second language competence is evident. Stylistically, it enables the learners to speak more fluently, makes their speech more understandable and helps them to write or sound more native (as cited in Ahranjani & Shadi 2012)
This blog provides a great overview of how one could use Google to search for collocation
Language learners should make use of this “world’s largest corpus” to search and record phrases, collocations and sentences. I believe a personal collection of such authentic application of language use would make one’s Quizlet experience more meaningful, as well as the learning language experience more practical.
Ahranjani, A., & Shadi, M. (2012). INPUT ENHANCEMENT AND EFL LEARNERS’ COLLOCATION ACQUISITION. International Journal Of Academic Research, 4(1), 96-101.